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42nd Street Shuttle (New York City Subway)

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Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York)

New York City Subway and SIR Routes
MTA

NYCS Route 1 Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local
NYCS Route 2 Seventh Avenue Express
NYCS Route 3 Seventh Avenue Express
NYCS Route 4 Lexington Avenue Express
NYCS Route 5 Lexington Avenue Express
NYCS Route 6 Lexington Avenue/Pelham Local
NYCS Route 6d Lexington Avenue Local/Pelham Express
NYCS Route 7 Flushing Local
NYCS Route 7d Flushing Express
NYCS Route A Eighth Avenue Express
NYCS Route B Sixth Avenue Express
NYCS Route C Eighth Avenue Local
NYCS Route D Sixth Avenue Express
NYCS Route E Eighth Avenue Local
NYCS Route F Sixth Avenue Local
NYCS Route G Crosstown Local
NYCS Route J Nassau Street Local
NYCS Route L 14 Street – Canarsie Local
NYCS Route M Sixth Avenue Local
NYCS Route N Broadway Express
NYCS Route Q Broadway Express
NYCS Route R Broadway Local
20px Broadway Local
NYCS Route Z Nassau Street Express
NYCS Route S 42nd Street Shuttle
NYCS Route S Franklin Avenue Shuttle
NYCS Route S Rockaway Park Shuttle
Staten Island Railway
Wikipedia logo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at S - 42nd Street Shuttle (New York City Subway service). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Metro Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA).
File:NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg
SHUTTLE
Current bullet
SS
SS
1967-1968 and 1968-1977 bullets (in a circle)

The 42nd Street Shuttle is a line and service of the IRT division of the New York City Subway. It is sometimes referred to as the Grand Central/Times Square Shuttle, since these are the only stations served by the shuttle. It runs at all times but late nights, connecting Times Square to Grand Central Station under 42nd Street. Instead, for late nights the 3 is used. It is the shortest regular service in the system, running 0.8 mile (1.3 km) in officially one minute. In order to distingush it from the other shuttles in the system, NYCT Rapid Transit Operations refers to it as the "0".

HistoryEdit

The subway through which the shuttle runs was opened on October 27, 1904, the first day of subway service in Manhattan. It served as part of the IRT's main line until August 1, 1918, when the Dual Contracts' "H system" was put into service, with through trains over the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line, and only shuttle trains under 42nd Street.

The southbound express track on the four-track line was closed and new platforms were built, as the old station at Times Square had been local-only. However, the new arrangement turned out to be inadequate, and the shuttle was closed on midnight between August 3–4 for expansion of the platforms. The shuttle reopened on September 28, 1918, with improved passageways and platforms. On the walls of the stations, black bands (at Times Square) and green bands (at Grand Central) were painted to guide passengers to the shuttle platforms.

The shuttle ran at all times until September 10, 1995. Today, it runs at all times except late nights, when the 3 provides replacement service. When the shuttle is closed, the area is sometimes used for movie and TV filming. The French Connection and King of New York, among many other titles, were filmed on the 42nd Street shuttle.

Track connections to the rest of the systemEdit

Of the four shuttle tracks, only three are in use, the former southbound express track space being used for platform space at each terminal. The former southbound local track is now Shuttle Track 1; Track 2 no longer exists; the former northbound express track is Track 3; and the former northbound local track is Track 4.

Tracks 1 and 3 are connected to each other and to the Lexington Avenue Line's southbound local track south of Grand Central station. Track 4 connects to the Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line's northbound local track north of Times Square station. There is no connection between tracks 1 and 3 on the one hand, and track 4 on the other; therefore, although the shuttle was once part of the original through-route of the first IRT subway, it is now physically impossible for a train to go from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line through to the IRT Seventh Avenue Line or vice versa by using the shuttle tracks.

OperationEdit

In service, each of the shuttle tracks in operation at any given time is independent of the other; e.g.., the train on track 1 simply runs back and forth on track 1, and there is no switching involved in reversing at each terminal. To provide for quick turnaround of the shuttle trains, there is an operator at each end of the train. Depending on which direction the train is traveling the operators swap jobs when the train gets to one end; one acts as the operator in the front and the other acts as conductor in back.

RouteEdit

Station service legend
Black dot Stops all times
Period dot Stops all times except late nights
Half diamond Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
NYCS Route S Stations Wheelchair Transfer Connections and notes
Period dot Times Square NYCS Route 1Black dot NYCS Route 2Black dot NYCS Route 3Black dot NYCS Route 7Black dot NYCS Route 7dHalf diamond NYCS Route ABlack dot NYCS Route CPeriod dot NYCS Route EBlack dot NYCS Route NBlack dot NYCS Route QBlack dot NYCS Route RPeriod dot
Period dot Grand Central Wheelchair NYCS Route 4Black dot NYCS Route 5Period dot NYCS Route 6Black dot NYCS Route 6dHalf diamond NYCS Route 7Black dot NYCS Route 7dHalf diamond

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph," New York Times, August 2, 1918, page 1
  • "Drop Shuttle Plan as Subway Crush Becomes a Peril," New York Times, August 3, 1918, page 1
  • "Subway Shuttle Resumes Today," New York Times, September 28, 1918, page 17
  • "A Subway Station is Shuttered, the First in 33 Years," New York Times, September 11, 1995 [the article is about Dean Street on the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, and the headline refers to the 1962 closing of Worth Street; several old-style elevated railways were closed since then, as well as the Culver Shuttle which hosted both elevated and subway service at one time]
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MTA: New York City Subway
Routes NYCS Route 1NYCS Route 2NYCS Route 3NYCS Route 4NYCS Route 5NYCS Route 6NYCS Route 6dNYCS Route 7NYCS Route 7dNYCS Route ANYCS Route BNYCS Route CNYCS Route DNYCS Route ENYCS Route FNYCS Route GNYCS Route JNYCS Route LNYCS Route MNYCS Route NNYCS Route QNYCS Route RNYCS Route Z
Shuttles NYCS Route S (42nd StreetFranklin AvenueRockaway Park)
Defunct NYCS 89HKTVWJFK Express
BMT 12345678910111213141516Brooklyn Loops
Shuttles 63rd StreetBowling GreenCulverGrand StreetOther
Unused 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • P • U • X • Y
Expansion Second Avenue Subway7 Subway ExtensionFulton Street Transit Center
Divisions A Division: IRTB Division: BMTIND (Second System)
Lists Inter-division connectionsInter-division transfersLinesServicesStationsTerminalsYards
Miscellaneous AccessibilityChainingHistoryMetroCardNomenclatureRolling stock
Other NYC transit Rail: AirTrain JFKAmtrakLIRRMetro-NorthNJT (rail)PATHStaten Island Railway
Other: NJT (buses)NYCT busesRoosevelt Island Tramway

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