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BMT Astoria Line

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Wikipedia logo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at BMT Astoria Line. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Metro Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA).

The Astoria Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway, serving the neighborhood of Astoria, Queens.

Extent and serviceEdit

The Astoria Line is served by a service, the N. The N runs all the time. No services use the center express track.

The north end of the Astoria Line is a two-track terminal at Ditmars Boulevard-Astoria, with one island platform. South of the station, the center express track begins (with crossovers to allow trains relaying at Ditmars Boulevard-Astoria to reach the correct track). The next station, Astoria Boulevard-Hoyt Avenue, is the only express station on the three-track section.

North of Queensboro Plaza, the express track ends. Queensboro Plaza is set up with northbound trains on the upper level, southbound trains on the lower level, and cross-platform transfers to the IRT Flushing Line. Crossover tracks exist between the upper level tracks just north of the station, one of a few connections between the BMT/IND and IRT. After Queensboro Plaza, the line turns west and merges with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection to become the BMT Broadway Line via the 60th Street Tunnel.

HistoryEdit

The Astoria Line was originally part of the IRT or, as a spur off the IRT Queensboro Line, now part of the IRT Flushing Line or 3 (which didn't open to the north until April 21, 1917). The whole Astoria Line north of Queensboro Plaza opened on February 1, 1917, and was used by trains between 42nd Street-Grand Central and Astoria.

On July 23, 1917, the Queensboro Bridge spur of the elevated IRT Second Avenue Line opened. At that time, all elevated trains to Queensboro Plaza used the Astoria Line, and all subway trains used the Corona Line (now the Flushing Line), though this was later changed with trains alternating between branches.

The 60th Street Tunnel opened on August 1, 1920, allowing BMT trains to reach Queensboro Plaza. However, the stations on the Astoria and Corona Lines were built to IRT specifications, which were too narrow for BMT rolling stock. Thus the BMT trains terminated at Queensboro Plaza.

On April 8, 1923, the BMT, using elevated cars, started running shuttles along the Astoria Line (numbered BMT 8 in 1924) and the Corona Line (BMT 9). The IRT lines were numbered in 1948, with 3 being assigned to the Flushing Line (former Corona Line) and 3 to the Astoria Line.

Only a year later, on October 17, 1949, the Flushing Line became IRT-only, and the platforms on the Astoria Line were shaved back to allow through BMT trains to operate on it, the first being the Brighton Local (BMT 1). The IRT Second Avenue Line spur to Queensboro Plaza closed on June 13, 1942. Since then, the Astoria Line has hosted the "other end" of various services running from Brooklyn through Manhattan; see B, N, Q, R, T and W for details.

Station listingEdit

Every station is served by the N at all times, and the W from the morning rush hour through early evening.

Station Tracks Opened Transfers and notes
Ditmars Boulevard-Astoria all February 1, 1917 originally Ditmars Avenue
Astoria Boulevard-Hoyt Avenue all February 1, 1917 originally Hoyt Avenue
30th Avenue-Grand Avenue local February 1, 1917 originally Grand Avenue
Broadway local February 1, 1917
36th Avenue-Washington Avenue local February 1, 1917 originally Washington Avenue
39th Avenue-Beebe Avenue local February 1, 1917 originally Beebe Avenue
Queensboro Plaza all February 1, 1917 7 <7> 

  (IRT Flushing Line)

merges with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R all but late nights) and becomes the BMT Broadway Line via the 60th Street Tunnel (N always, R all but late nights, W morning rush hours through early evening)

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Astoria Line Opened, New York Times February 2, 1917 page 14
  • Subway Link Over Queensboro Bridge, New York Times July 22, 1917 page 31
  • New Subway Link Opens, New York Times August 1, 1920 page 12
  • Additional Subway Service to Borough of Queens, New York Times April 8, 1923 page RE1
  • Direct Subway Runs to Flushing, Astoria, New York Times October 15, 1949 page 17


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New York City Subway Lines
IRT Manhattan: 42nd St ShuttleBroadway-7th AvLenox AvLexington Av
Bronx: Dyre AvJerome AvPelhamWhite Plains Rd
Brooklyn/Queens: Eastern PkwyFlushingNostrand Av
Former: 2nd Av3rd Av6th Av9th Av
BMT Manhattan trunks and branches: 63rd StAstoriaBroadwayManhattan BridgeNassau St
Eastern Division: Archer AvCanarsieJamaicaMyrtle Av
Southern Division: 4th AvBrightonCulverFranklin AvSea BeachWest End
Former: 3rd Av5th AvBrooklyn BridgeFulton StLexington Av
IND Manhattan/Bronx trunks: 6th Av8th AvConcourse
Brooklyn/Queens: 63rd StArcher AvCrosstownCulverFulton StRockawayQueens Blvd
Former: World's Fair
Connections Chrystie St60th St
Future 2nd Av


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MTA: New York City Subway
Routes NYCS Route 1NYCS Route 2NYCS Route 3NYCS Route 4NYCS Route 5NYCS Route 6NYCS Route 6dNYCS Route 7NYCS Route 7dNYCS Route ANYCS Route BNYCS Route CNYCS Route DNYCS Route ENYCS Route FNYCS Route GNYCS Route JNYCS Route LNYCS Route MNYCS Route NNYCS Route QNYCS Route RNYCS Route Z
Shuttles NYCS Route S (42nd StreetFranklin AvenueRockaway Park)
Defunct NYCS 89HKTVWJFK Express
BMT 12345678910111213141516Brooklyn Loops
Shuttles 63rd StreetBowling GreenCulverGrand StreetOther
Unused 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • P • U • X • Y
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Divisions A Division: IRTB Division: BMTIND (Second System)
Lists Inter-division connectionsInter-division transfersLinesServicesStationsTerminalsYards
Miscellaneous AccessibilityChainingHistoryMetroCardNomenclatureRolling stock
Other NYC transit Rail: AirTrain JFKAmtrakLIRRMetro-NorthNJT (rail)PATHStaten Island Railway
Other: NJT (buses)NYCT busesRoosevelt Island Tramway

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