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The Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad was a horse car company in the U.S. state of New York, with a main line from downtown Brooklyn east to Jamaica along Atlantic Avenue. The company was formed in 1860 by the merger of the Brooklyn Central Railroad with the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad.

HistoryEdit

The Brooklyn Central Railroad was incorporated August 31, 1859 to take over the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad, then operated by the Long Island Rail Road as a steam-powered line, for a horse car service once the LIRR completed their new line to Long Island City. This happened soon after the LIRR was authorized to abandon service through the Cobble Hill Tunnel to South Ferry in Brooklyn in exchange for ending steam power in the Brooklyn city limits.[1] The city authorized them on June 6 to lay tracks on Atlantic Avenue west of Boerum Place (where the Brooklyn and Jamaica passed through the Cobble Hill Tunnel); east of there, they would use the Brooklyn and Jamaica trackage. They were also granted on November 28, 1859 the right to build along Furman Street from Atlantic Avenue north to Old Fulton Street, connecting the South Ferry (Atlantic Avenue) to the Wall Street Ferry (Montague Street) and Fulton Ferry (Old Fulton Street). The Brooklyn Central Railroad and Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad merged on August 8, 1860[2] to form the Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad. The company also opened a line from Atlantic Avenue south on Flatbush Avenue and Fifth Avenue to 37th Street at Greenwood, with a branch east along Third Street to the city line.[3] The LIRR ended steam service on Atlantic Avenue on September 30, 1861.[4]

The Atlantic Avenue line became the Brooklyn and Jamaica Railway in 1866 and the Atlantic Avenue Railroad in 1872.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. PRR Chronology, 1859PDF, March 2005 Edition
  2. PRR Chronology, 1860PDF, May 2004 Edition
  3. Henry Stiles, A History of the City of Brooklyn, Volume 3: Part II, Rail Roads and Plank Roads, 1867
  4. PRR Chronology, 1861PDF, May 2004 Edition
  5. Felix Reifschneider, History of the Long Island Railroad, 1925, reprinted winter 2001 in The Third Rail
Defunct New York City Transit Operators
Steam railroads later converted to rapid transit systems Brooklyn and Brighton Beach RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail RoadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and West End RailroadBrooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island RailwayConey Island Elevated RailwayGreenwood and Coney Island RailroadMarine RailwayNew York and Coney Island RailroadNew York and Manhattan Beach RailwayNew York and Sea Beach RailroadNew York and Sea Beach RailwayNew York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach RailroadProspect Park and Coney Island RailroadSea Beach RailwaySea View Railroad
Rapid transit systems Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit CorporationBrooklyn Rapid Transit CompanyBrooklyn Union Elevated RailroadInterborough Rapid Transit CompanyKings County Elevated Railway
Streetcar systems

Avenue C Railroad CompanyBelt Line RailwayBleecker Street and Fulton Ferry RailroadBroadway and Seventh Avenue RailroadBroadway Surface RailroadBroadway Railway CompanyBrooklyn and North River RailroadBrooklyn & Queens Transit CorporationBrooklyn Central and Jamaica RailroadBrooklyn City Rail RoadBrooklyn Crosstown RailroadBrooklyn, Queens County and Suburban RailroadBush Terminal RailroadBushwick RailroadCalvary Cemetery, Greenpoint and Brooklyn RailroadCentral Crosstown Railroad CompanyCentral Park, North and East River RailroadChambers Street and Grand Street Ferry RailroadChristopher and Tenth Street Railroad CompanyColumbus and Ninth Avenue RailroadConey Island and Brooklyn Rail RoadConey Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn RailroadDry Dock, East Broadway and Battery RailroadEighth Avenue Railroad CompanyFlushing and College Point Electric RailwayFort George and Eleventh Avenue RailroadForty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad CompanyFourth Avenue Street RailwayFulton Street RailroadGrand Street and Newtown Rail RoadGreenpoint and Lorimer Street RailroadHouston, West Street and Pavonia Ferry RailroadInterurban Street RailwayJamaica Central Railways CompanyKings County Electric RailwayLexington Avenue and Pavonia Ferry RailroadLong Island City and Calvary Cemetery RailroadLong Island City and Maspeth RailroadLong Island City and Newtown RailwayLong Island Electric RailwayManhattan and Queens Traction CompanyManhattan Bridge Three Cent LineMarine RailwayMaspeth Avenue and Toll Bridge CompanyMaspeth Railroad and Bridge CompanyMetropolitan Crosstown Railway Metropolitan Street RailroadMetropolitan Street RailwayNassau Electric RailroadNewtown RailwayNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew Williamsburgh and Flatbush RailroadNew York and Harlem Railroad CompanyNew York and North Shore Traction CompanyNew York and Queens County Railway CompanyNew York and Queens Transit CorporationNew York City Railway CompanyNew York Railways CompanyNinth Avenue Railroad CompanyPark Avenue RailroadPort Richmond & Prohibition Park Electric RailroadQueensboro Bridge Railway CompanyRichmond County RailroadRichmond Light & Railroad CompanyRichmond RailwaysRikers Avenue and Sanford Point RailroadSecond Avenue RailroadSixth Avenue Railroad CompanySouth Brooklyn Street RailroadSouth Ferry Railroad CompanyStaten Island Electric RailroadStaten Island Midland RailroadStaten Island Midland RailwayStaten Island Traction CompanySteinway and Hunters Point RailroadSteinway Railway CorporationThird Avenue RailroadThird Avenue RailwayThird Avenue Transit CorporationThirty-fourth Street Crosstown RailwayTwenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Streets Crosstown RailroadTwenty-Third Street Railroad CompanyUnion Railroad (Brooklyn)Union Railway Company of New York CityVan Brunt Street and Erie Basin Rail Road

Bus systems Affiliated Bus Transit CorporationArgus Line Transportation CorporationAvenue B & East Broadway Transit CompanyB&L TransportationBilow Bus LineBrooklyn Bus CorporationCommand Bus CompanyComprehensive Omnibus CorporationConcourse Bus LinesCourier Bus CompanyEastern Parkway, Brownsville and East New York Transit Relief AssociationEast Side Omnibus CorporationFifth Avenue Coach CompanyFifth Avenue Coach Lines, IncorporatedFlushing Heights Bus CompanyGeneral Omnibus CorporationGreater Cities Bus LinesGreen Bus LinesHamilton Bus CompanyIndependent BusesIsle Transportation Co.Jamaica Bus LineJamaica BusesKings Coach CompanyLiberty Bus TransportationLiberty Lines ExpressLong Island Coach CompanyMadison Avenue Coach Company, IncorporatedManhattan & Queens Bus CorporationMidland Coach Corporation‎Municipal Motorbus CompanyNational City Bus LinesNew York Bus ServiceNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew York City Omnibus CorporationNorth Shore Bus CompanyPioneer Bus CompanyPlum Beach Auto StageQueens Auto TractionQueens Bus CorporationQueens Bus LinesQueens-Nassau Transit LinesQueens Surface CorporationQueens Transit CorporationRauchwerger Bus CompanyRichmond Hill Bus LineRuoff BrothersS&C BusesS&F TransportationStaten Island Coach CompanySteinway Omnibus CorporationSteinway Transit CorporationSurface Transit, IncorporatedSurface Transportation Corporation of New YorkTompkins Bus CompanyTriangle Bus CompanyTriboro Coach CorporationWoodside-Astoria Transportation CompanyZ&M Coach Company

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