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Brooklyn City Rail Road

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Wikipedia logo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Brooklyn City Rail Road. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Metro Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA).

The Brooklyn City Rail Road (BCRR) was the oldest and one of the largest operators of streetcars (horsecars and later trolleys) in the City of Brooklyn, New York, continuing in that role when Brooklyn became a borough of New York City in 1898.

Incorporation and first lineEdit

The BCRR was incorporated on December 17, 1853 with capital of $2,500,000, a large sum in those days. Its first line, the Myrtle Avenue Line, was the first horsecar line in Brooklyn, and opened on July 3, 1854. The line operated from Fulton Ferry via Fulton Street and Myrtle Avenue to the former stagecoach stables at Marcy Avenue.

List of linesEdit

The company also gained lines through leases:

Leased to Brooklyn Heights RailroadEdit

In 1893, the Long Island Traction Company (LIT), a holding company, acquired the Brooklyn Heights Railroad (BHRR), operator of a short cable car line on Montague Street in Brooklyn Heights and used this latter company as its operating arm. The BHRR obtained a 999-year operating lease on the Brooklyn City the same year. By this time the Brooklyn City operated 27 streetcar lines.

Part of Brooklyn Rapid Transit SystemEdit

The LIT was foreclosed and reorganized in 1895 as the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT), which soon acquired, through lease or stock ownership, most of the trolley and rapid transit lines in Brooklyn.

The BRT (also known as "the rapid transit company" during its years of acquisition) became the public face of transportation in Brooklyn. Nevertheless, the BRT operated all of its lines through its operating companies, some of which were created just for that purpose, and others that were leased or subsidiaries, such as the Brooklyn City. Patrons may have noticed this in subtle ways, such as that streetcar transfers had the letters "B.C.R.R." imprinted on their face.

Company revivalEdit

In 1919, the BRT went into receivership as the result of a number of factors, such as the serious inflation of World War I, and not helped by the Malbone Street Wreck on the Brighton Line, which killed at least 93 people on November 1, 1918.

Though the BRT was bankrupt, the Brooklyn City was declared solvent, and its charter and separate corporate existence were resumed. The lease by the Brooklyn Heights was ended and the lines the BCRR controlled in 1893 and more became its lines again on October 19, 1919. The BCRR had its own crews, cars and carbarns, and even purchased new equipment in its own name, though the overall planning and management was still effectively with the BRT. A negative consequence for passengers was that BCRR lines no longer issued transfers to the lines still with the BRT, and vice versa.

When the BRT was reorganized as the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) in 1923, the former BRT companies gradually were brought out of receivership. Nevertheless, the Brooklyn City did not become part of the BMT, but remained a separate company until June 1, 1929, when the BMT formed the Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation to consolidate all of its surface operations in one operating company, which finally ended the corporate existence of the Brooklyn City.


Defunct New York City Transit Operators
Steam railroads later converted to rapid transit systems Brooklyn and Brighton Beach RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail RoadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and West End RailroadBrooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island RailwayConey Island Elevated RailwayGreenwood and Coney Island RailroadMarine RailwayNew York and Coney Island RailroadNew York and Manhattan Beach RailwayNew York and Sea Beach RailroadNew York and Sea Beach RailwayNew York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach RailroadProspect Park and Coney Island RailroadSea Beach RailwaySea View Railroad
Rapid transit systems Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit CorporationBrooklyn Rapid Transit CompanyBrooklyn Union Elevated RailroadInterborough Rapid Transit CompanyKings County Elevated Railway
Streetcar systems

Avenue C Railroad CompanyBelt Line RailwayBleecker Street and Fulton Ferry RailroadBroadway and Seventh Avenue RailroadBroadway Surface RailroadBroadway Railway CompanyBrooklyn and North River RailroadBrooklyn & Queens Transit CorporationBrooklyn Central and Jamaica RailroadBrooklyn City Rail RoadBrooklyn Crosstown RailroadBrooklyn, Queens County and Suburban RailroadBush Terminal RailroadBushwick RailroadCalvary Cemetery, Greenpoint and Brooklyn RailroadCentral Crosstown Railroad CompanyCentral Park, North and East River RailroadChambers Street and Grand Street Ferry RailroadChristopher and Tenth Street Railroad CompanyColumbus and Ninth Avenue RailroadConey Island and Brooklyn Rail RoadConey Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn RailroadDry Dock, East Broadway and Battery RailroadEighth Avenue Railroad CompanyFlushing and College Point Electric RailwayFort George and Eleventh Avenue RailroadForty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad CompanyFourth Avenue Street RailwayFulton Street RailroadGrand Street and Newtown Rail RoadGreenpoint and Lorimer Street RailroadHouston, West Street and Pavonia Ferry RailroadInterurban Street RailwayJamaica Central Railways CompanyKings County Electric RailwayLexington Avenue and Pavonia Ferry RailroadLong Island City and Calvary Cemetery RailroadLong Island City and Maspeth RailroadLong Island City and Newtown RailwayLong Island Electric RailwayManhattan and Queens Traction CompanyManhattan Bridge Three Cent LineMarine RailwayMaspeth Avenue and Toll Bridge CompanyMaspeth Railroad and Bridge CompanyMetropolitan Crosstown Railway Metropolitan Street RailroadMetropolitan Street RailwayNassau Electric RailroadNewtown RailwayNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew Williamsburgh and Flatbush RailroadNew York and Harlem Railroad CompanyNew York and North Shore Traction CompanyNew York and Queens County Railway CompanyNew York and Queens Transit CorporationNew York City Railway CompanyNew York Railways CompanyNinth Avenue Railroad CompanyPark Avenue RailroadPort Richmond & Prohibition Park Electric RailroadQueensboro Bridge Railway CompanyRichmond County RailroadRichmond Light & Railroad CompanyRichmond RailwaysRikers Avenue and Sanford Point RailroadSecond Avenue RailroadSixth Avenue Railroad CompanySouth Brooklyn Street RailroadSouth Ferry Railroad CompanyStaten Island Electric RailroadStaten Island Midland RailroadStaten Island Midland RailwayStaten Island Traction CompanySteinway and Hunters Point RailroadSteinway Railway CorporationThird Avenue RailroadThird Avenue RailwayThird Avenue Transit CorporationThirty-fourth Street Crosstown RailwayTwenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Streets Crosstown RailroadTwenty-Third Street Railroad CompanyUnion Railroad (Brooklyn)Union Railway Company of New York CityVan Brunt Street and Erie Basin Rail Road

Bus systems Affiliated Bus Transit CorporationArgus Line Transportation CorporationAvenue B & East Broadway Transit CompanyB&L TransportationBilow Bus LineBrooklyn Bus CorporationCommand Bus CompanyComprehensive Omnibus CorporationConcourse Bus LinesCourier Bus CompanyEastern Parkway, Brownsville and East New York Transit Relief AssociationEast Side Omnibus CorporationFifth Avenue Coach CompanyFifth Avenue Coach Lines, IncorporatedFlushing Heights Bus CompanyGeneral Omnibus CorporationGreater Cities Bus LinesGreen Bus LinesHamilton Bus CompanyIndependent BusesIsle Transportation Co.Jamaica Bus LineJamaica BusesKings Coach CompanyLiberty Bus TransportationLiberty Lines ExpressLong Island Coach CompanyMadison Avenue Coach Company, IncorporatedManhattan & Queens Bus CorporationMidland Coach Corporation‎Municipal Motorbus CompanyNational City Bus LinesNew York Bus ServiceNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew York City Omnibus CorporationNorth Shore Bus CompanyPioneer Bus CompanyPlum Beach Auto StageQueens Auto TractionQueens Bus CorporationQueens Bus LinesQueens-Nassau Transit LinesQueens Surface CorporationQueens Transit CorporationRauchwerger Bus CompanyRichmond Hill Bus LineRuoff BrothersS&C BusesS&F TransportationStaten Island Coach CompanySteinway Omnibus CorporationSteinway Transit CorporationSurface Transit, IncorporatedSurface Transportation Corporation of New YorkTompkins Bus CompanyTriangle Bus CompanyTriboro Coach CorporationWoodside-Astoria Transportation CompanyZ&M Coach Company

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