Brooklyn City Rail Road (BCRR) was the oldest and one of the largest operators of streetcars ( horsecars and later trolleys) in the City of Brooklyn, New York, continuing in that role when Brooklyn became a borough of New York City in 1898.
Incorporation and first line Edit
The BCRR was incorporated on December 17, 1853 with capital of $2,500,000, a large sum in those days. Its first line, the
Myrtle Avenue Line, was the first horsecar line in Brooklyn, and opened on July 3, 1854. The line operated from Fulton Ferry via Fulton Street and Myrtle Avenue to the former stagecoach stables at Marcy Avenue.
List of lines Edit
Myrtle Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Bushwick
Fulton Street Line, Fulton Ferry to East New York
Flatbush Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Flatbush
Greenpoint Line, Fulton Ferry to Greenpoint
Graham Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Greenpoint
Gates Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Bushwick
Putnam Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Ocean Hill
Court Street Line and Third Avenue Line, Fulton Ferry to Greenwood and Fort Hamilton
Hamilton Avenue Line, Hamilton Ferry to Greenwood and Fort Hamilton
Furman Street Line, Fulton Ferry to Hamilton Ferry
The company also gained lines through leases:
Bushwick Railroad ( Bushwick Avenue Line, Tompkins Avenue Line, Cypress Hills Line, and Lutheran Cemetery Line), August 13, 1888
 Brooklyn Crosstown Railroad ( Crosstown Line), August 1, 1889   
 New Williamsburgh and Flatbush Railroad ( Nostrand Avenue Line and Holy Cross Cemetery Line), August 1, 1889  
 Greenpoint and Lorimer Street Railroad ( Lorimer Street Line), August 1, 1889  
 Grand Street and Newtown Rail Road ( Grand Street Line and Meeker Avenue Line), May 1, 1890
 South Brooklyn Street Railroad ( Second Avenue Line), July 5, 1892
Leased to Brooklyn Heights Railroad Edit
In 1893, the
Long Island Traction Company (LIT), a holding company, acquired the Brooklyn Heights Railroad (BHRR), operator of a short cable car line on Montague Street in Brooklyn Heights and used this latter company as its operating arm. The BHRR obtained a 999-year operating lease on the Brooklyn City the same year. By this time the Brooklyn City operated 27 streetcar lines.
Part of Brooklyn Rapid Transit System Edit
The LIT was foreclosed and reorganized in 1895 as the
Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT), which soon acquired, through lease or stock ownership, most of the trolley and rapid transit lines in Brooklyn.
The BRT (also known as "the rapid transit company" during its years of acquisition) became the public face of transportation in Brooklyn. Nevertheless, the BRT operated all of its lines through its operating companies, some of which were created just for that purpose, and others that were leased or subsidiaries, such as the Brooklyn City. Patrons may have noticed this in subtle ways, such as that streetcar transfers had the letters "B.C.R.R." imprinted on their face.
Company revival Edit
In 1919, the BRT went into receivership as the result of a number of factors, such as the serious
inflation of World War I, and not helped by the Malbone Street Wreck on the Brighton Line, which killed at least 93 people on November 1, 1918.
Though the BRT was bankrupt, the Brooklyn City was declared solvent, and its charter and separate corporate existence were resumed. The lease by the Brooklyn Heights was ended and the lines the BCRR controlled in 1893 and more became its lines again on October 19, 1919. The BCRR had its own crews, cars and carbarns, and even purchased new equipment in its own name, though the overall planning and management was still effectively with the BRT. A negative consequence for passengers was that BCRR lines no longer issued transfers to the lines still with the BRT, and vice versa.
When the BRT was reorganized as the
Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) in 1923, the former BRT companies gradually were brought out of receivership. Nevertheless, the Brooklyn City did not become part of the BMT, but remained a separate company until June 1, 1929, when the BMT formed the Brooklyn and Queens Transit Corporation to consolidate all of its surface operations in one operating company, which finally ended the corporate existence of the Brooklyn City.
Defunct New York City Transit Operators
Steam railroads later converted to rapid transit systems
Brooklyn and Brighton Beach Railroad Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail Road Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad Brooklyn, Bath and West End Railroad Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway Coney Island Elevated Railway Greenwood and Coney Island Railroad Marine Railway New York and Coney Island Railroad New York and Manhattan Beach Railway New York and Sea Beach Railroad New York and Sea Beach Railway New York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach Railroad Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad Sea Beach Railway Sea View Railroad
Rapid transit systems
Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company Brooklyn Union Elevated Railroad Interborough Rapid Transit Company Kings County Elevated Railway
Avenue C Railroad Company Belt Line Railway Bleecker Street and Fulton Ferry Railroad Broadway and Seventh Avenue Railroad Broadway Surface Railroad Broadway Railway Company Brooklyn and North River Railroad Brooklyn & Queens Transit Corporation Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad Brooklyn City Rail Road Brooklyn Crosstown Railroad Brooklyn, Queens County and Suburban Railroad Bush Terminal Railroad Bushwick Railroad Calvary Cemetery, Greenpoint and Brooklyn Railroad Central Crosstown Railroad Company
Central Park, North and East River Railroad Chambers Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad Christopher and Tenth Street Railroad Company Columbus and Ninth Avenue Railroad Coney Island and Brooklyn Rail Road Coney Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn Railroad Dry Dock, East Broadway and Battery Railroad Eighth Avenue Railroad Company Flushing and College Point Electric Railway Fort George and Eleventh Avenue Railroad Forty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad Company Fourth Avenue Street Railway Fulton Street Railroad Grand Street and Newtown Rail Road Greenpoint and Lorimer Street Railroad Houston, West Street and Pavonia Ferry Railroad Interurban Street Railway Jamaica Central Railways Company Kings County Electric Railway Lexington Avenue and Pavonia Ferry Railroad Long Island City and Calvary Cemetery Railroad Long Island City and Maspeth Railroad Long Island City and Newtown Railway Long Island Electric Railway Manhattan and Queens Traction Company Manhattan Bridge Three Cent Line Marine Railway Maspeth Avenue and Toll Bridge Company Maspeth Railroad and Bridge Company Metropolitan Crosstown Railway Metropolitan Street Railroad Metropolitan Street Railway Nassau Electric Railroad Newtown Railway New York City Department of Plant and Structures New Williamsburgh and Flatbush Railroad New York and Harlem Railroad Company New York and North Shore Traction Company New York and Queens County Railway Company New York and Queens Transit Corporation New York City Railway Company New York Railways Company Ninth Avenue Railroad Company Park Avenue Railroad Port Richmond & Prohibition Park Electric Railroad Queensboro Bridge Railway Company Richmond County Railroad Richmond Light & Railroad Company Richmond Railways Rikers Avenue and Sanford Point Railroad Second Avenue Railroad Sixth Avenue Railroad Company South Brooklyn Street Railroad South Ferry Railroad Company Staten Island Electric Railroad Staten Island Midland Railroad Staten Island Midland Railway Staten Island Traction Company Steinway and Hunters Point Railroad Steinway Railway Corporation Third Avenue Railroad Third Avenue Railway Third Avenue Transit Corporation Thirty-fourth Street Crosstown Railway Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Streets Crosstown Railroad Twenty-Third Street Railroad Company Union Railroad (Brooklyn) Union Railway Company of New York City Van Brunt Street and Erie Basin Rail Road
Affiliated Bus Transit Corporation Argus Line Transportation Corporation Avenue B & East Broadway Transit Company B&L Transportation Bilow Bus Line Brooklyn Bus Corporation Command Bus Company Comprehensive Omnibus Corporation Concourse Bus Lines Courier Bus Company Eastern Parkway, Brownsville and East New York Transit Relief Association East Side Omnibus Corporation Fifth Avenue Coach Company Fifth Avenue Coach Lines, Incorporated Flushing Heights Bus Company General Omnibus Corporation Greater Cities Bus Lines Green Bus Lines Hamilton Bus Company Independent Buses Isle Transportation Co. Jamaica Bus Line Jamaica Buses Kings Coach Company Liberty Bus Transportation Liberty Lines Express Long Island Coach Company Madison Avenue Coach Company, Incorporated Manhattan & Queens Bus Corporation Midland Coach Corporation Municipal Motorbus Company National City Bus Lines New York Bus Service New York City Department of Plant and Structures New York City Omnibus Corporation North Shore Bus Company Pioneer Bus Company Plum Beach Auto Stage Queens Auto Traction Queens Bus Corporation Queens Bus Lines Queens-Nassau Transit Lines Queens Surface Corporation Queens Transit Corporation Rauchwerger Bus Company Richmond Hill Bus Line Ruoff Brothers S&C Buses S&F Transportation Staten Island Coach Company Steinway Omnibus Corporation Steinway Transit Corporation Surface Transit, Incorporated Surface Transportation Corporation of New York Tompkins Bus Company Triangle Bus Company Triboro Coach Corporation Woodside-Astoria Transportation Company Z&M Coach Company
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