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Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (also known as Coney Island Terminal) in Coney Island, Brooklyn, is the world's largest rapid transit terminal facility, and notable as the most energy-efficient mass transit facility in the United States. It serves as a terminal for four different lines of the New York City Subway, and is served by D, F, N, and Q trains at all times.
The station is located at the corner of Stillwell and Surf Avenues in Coney Island, the site of the former West End Terminal; it is the southernmost terminal in the New York system. It has eight tracks and four island platforms, with trains entering from both compass north and south; however, it serves as the railroad-south terminal for all trains. This large facility was designed at a time when Coney Island was the primary summer resort area for the New York region, with all of the rail lines in southern Brooklyn funneling service to the area.
Beginning in 2001, Coney Island Terminal was entirely reconstructed, with completion on on May 29, 2005. A new entrance building was constructed, with a terra cotta facade in imitation of the former terminal, including restored BMT signs and logos. The former steel and concrete station, badly corroded by the effects of salt water and poor maintenance, was replaced with a new infrastructure, including a soaring roof with arches said to be reminiscent of classical European train sheds. The roof is glazed with photovoltaic (solar electric) panels, consisting of 2,800 thin-film modules from SCHOTT (Germany) and covering a surface of 76,000 square feet. The solar panel system has a nominal power of about 210 kWp, which generates an annual output of 250,000 kW hours, which the station can use to offset power needs. It is the largest renewable-energy enabled mass transit station in the United States.
While labeled a terminal, six of the eight tracks could provide through service in either direction. The station has been used as a terminal for most of its history, but at least two through services have been offered:
- BMT 7 Brighton-Franklin service, via the BMT Franklin Avenue Line and BMT Brighton Line, through Stillwell Avenue to Manhattan (summer Sundays 1924–1952)
- NX Sea Beach "super-express" service (rush hours 1967–1968)
The terminal is the new home of Transit District 34 of the New York City Police Department.
|Line||Service||Terminal tracks||North terminal|
|BMT Sea Beach Line||N||1 and 2||Ditmars Boulevard–Astoria, Queens]|
|BMT Brighton Line||Q||3 and 4||Midtown–57th Street/Seventh Avenue, Manhattan|
|BMT Culver Line||F||5 and 6||Jamaica–179th Street, Queens|
|BMT West End Line||D||7 and 8||Norwood–205th Street, Bronx|
- nycsubway.org — Coney Island/Stillwell Avenue
- Brooklyn's New Coney Island Terminal (The Third Rail)
- Franklin-Nassau through service ("My Recollection")