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Rail Transportation in Eastern Asia

Rapid Transit (Subway/Metro)Edit

City Country Name Year
opened
Year of last
extension
Stations System length Ridership
(millions)
Beijing China Beijing Subway[1][2] 1971[note 1] 2014[3] 232[3][4][note 2] 465[3] 3209 (2013)[R 1]
Changsha China Changsha Metro 2014[5] 2014[5] 19[5] 22.3[5] n/a
Chengdu China Chengdu Metro 2010 2013[6] 43 49.7 103 (2012)[R 2]
Chongqing China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2013[7] 92 168[8] 310 (2012)[R 3]
Dalian China Dalian Metro[9] 2003 2013[9] 26 103.8 43.8 (2011)[R 4]
Foshan China FMetro[note 3] 2010 2010 14 20.4 n/a[Note 1]
Guangzhou China Guangzhou Metro 1997 2013[10] 130[11][note 4] 240[12] 2054 (2013)[R 5]
Harbin China Harbin Metro 2013 2013[13][14] 18[13][14] 17.5[13][14] n/a
Hangzhou China Hangzhou Metro[15] 2012 2012[16][note 5] 31 48.0 116.8 (2013)[R 6]
Hong Kong China MTR 1979[note 6] 2009[note 7] 82[17] 174.7[17] 1600 (2013)[R 7]
Kunming China Kunming Metro 2012 2013[18][note 8] 14 40.1 n/a
Nanjing China Nanjing Metro[19] 2005 2014[19][note 9] 71 134.1 452 (2013)[R 8]
Ningbo China Ningbo Rail Transit[20] 2014 2014[20] 20 20.9 n/a
Shanghai China Shanghai Metro[note 10] 1993 2013[21] 263[22][23][note 11] 538[21] 2500 (2013)[R 9]
Shenyang China Shenyang Metro 2010 2013[24] 43 55.1 195.5(2012)[R 10]
Shenzhen China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2011[25] 131 178.4 914 (2013)[R 11]
Suzhou China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2013[26][note 12] 46 52.3 25.4 (2012)[R 12]
Tianjin China Tianjin Metro 1984 2013[27] 86 135 111 (2012)[R 13]
Wuhan China Wuhan Metro 2004 2013[28] 61 79.1 277.4 (2013)[R 14]
Wuxi China Wuxi Metro 2014[29] 2014 24[29] 29[29] n/a
Xi'an China Xi'an Metro 2011 2013[30][note 13] 36 45.9 59 (2012)[R 15]
Zhengzhou China Zhengzhou Metro 2013 2013[31] 20 26.3 n/a
Fukuoka Japan[note 14] Fukuoka City Subway 1981 2005 35 29.8 137.2 (FY2012)[R 16][Note 2]
Hiroshima Japan[note 14] Astram Line 1994 1994 21 18.4 18.5 (2010)[R 17]
Kobe Japan[note 14] Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway 1968 2001 10 7.6 121 (2008)[R 18][Note 2]
Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 2001 25 30.6 121 (2008)[R 19][Note 2]
Kyoto Japan[note 14] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 2008 31 31.2 125.5 (2008)[R 20][Note 2]
Nagoya Japan[note 14] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 2011 87[32] 93.3[32] 443.4 (FY2012)[R 21][Note 2]
Osaka Japan[note 14] Osaka Municipal Subway 1933 2006 123[33] 129.9[33] 842 (FY2013)[R 22][Note 2]
Sapporo Japan[note 14] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 1999 46 48 210 (2008)[R 23][Note 2]
Sendai Japan[note 14] Sendai Subway 1987 1987 17 14.8 58.7 (FY2012)[R 24][Note 2]
Tokyo Japan[note 14] Toei Subway 1960 2000 106[34] 109.0[34] 866 (FY2012)[R 25][Note 2]
Rinkai Line 1996 2002 8 12.2 72 (FY2011)[R 26][Note 2]
Tokyo Metro 1927 2008 179[35] 195.1[35] 2351 (FY2012)[R 27][Note 2]
Yokohama Japan[note 14] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 2002 32 40.4 198 (2008)[R 28][Note 2]
Minatomirai Line 2004 2008 6 4.1 161 (FY 2012)[R 29][Note 2]
Pyongyang North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[note 15] 17 22 36 (2009)[R 30]
Busan South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2011[note 16] 128 130.2 320.4 (2012)[R 31][R 32]
Daegu South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2012[note 17] 59 57.3 126.5 (2012)[R 33]
Daejeon South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[note 18] 22 22.7 38 (2012)[R 34]
Gwangju South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[note 19] 20 20.1 18 (2012)[R 34]
Incheon South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2009 29 29.4 99 (2013)[R 35]
Seoul
(Capital Area)
South Korea Seoul Subway
(Lines 1-9)
[note 20][note 21]
1974[36] 2012[36][note 22] 296 327.0[36] 2560 (2012)[R 36][Note 3][Note 4]
Korail metro lines[37][note 23][note 21] 1994 2013 75 124.6 n/a
Shinbundang Line[note 21] 2011 2011 6 17.3 n/a
Kaohsiung Taiwan Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[38] 42.7[38] 60.7 (2013)[R 37]
Taipei Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996 2013 103[39] 121.3[39] 635 (2013)[R 38]

Suburban Rail (Commuter Rail)Edit

High-speed RailEdit

Country Name Year
opened
Year of last
extension
Stations System length Ridership
(millions)
China China Railway High-speed 2007 2014
Japan Shinkansen 1964 2011
South Korea Korea Train Express 2004 2014
Taiwan Taiwan High Speed Rail 2007 2011

National RailEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. {{cite web|url=http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2012-12-30/023925926009.shtml%7Ctitle=北京4条新地铁线今日开通 无仪式及领导讲话|publisher=新京报|language=Chinese|date=30 December 2012 |accessdate=2012-12-30
  2. {{cite web |url=http://beijing.qianlong.com/3825/2012/12/27/2821@8407146.htm |title=北京地铁4条新线每日至少跑17小时 |language=Chinese |accessdate=2013-01-09
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 {{cite web |url=http://news.xinhuanet.com/fortune/2013-05/06/c_124667054.htm |title=北京地铁10号线一圈57公里 创地下铁之最 |publisher=北京日报 |language=Chinese |accessdate=2013-05-06
  4. BEIJING SUBWAY GUIDE
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 {{cite journal |url=http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/changsha-metro-opens.html |title=Changsha metro opens |journal=Railway Gazette International |date=29 April 2014 |accessdate=2014-05-01
  6. {{cite web |last=Schwandl|first=Robert |url=http://www.urbanrail.net/as/cn/chdu/chengdu.htm |title=Chengdu |website=UrbanRail.Net|accessdate=2013-01-07
  7. {{cite web |url=http://www.urbanrail.net/as/cn/chon/chongqing.htm |title=Chongqing |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-07
  8. 四条轨道线路撑起主城交通大动脉
  9. 9.0 9.1 {{cite web|url=http://www.urbanrail.net/as/cn/dalian/dalian.htm |title=Dalian |last=Schwandl|first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-07
  10. {{cite web |url=http://www.urbanrail.net/as/cn/guan/guangzhou.htm |title=Guangzhou |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-07
  11. {{cite web |url=http://www.exploregz.com/metro/pedia/ |title=Guangzhou Metro |work=ExploreGuangzhou's "Metropedia" |accessdate=2010-10-31
  12. {{cite web |url=http://www.gzmtr.com/en/qygk/ |title=Guangzhou Metro - Corporate Overview |website=Gzmtr.com |accessdate=2013-09-21
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 IRJ: Trial operation starts on Harbin’s first metro line
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/814172.shtml Global Times: Metro line operational in China's Harbin
  15. {{cite web |url=http://www.hzmetro.com/ |title=Hangzhou Metro |publisher=Hangzhou Metro |language=Chinese |trans_title=Hangzhou Metro |accessdate=2012-11-22
  16. {{cite web |url=http://urbanrail.net/as/cn/hang/hangzhou.htm |title=Hangzhou |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-08
  17. 17.0 17.1 {{cite web |url=http://www.mtr.com.hk/en/customer/services/domestic_train_services.html |title=MTR - Services and Facilities - MTR Train Services |publisher=MTR Corporation |year=2014 |accessdate=2014-07-23
  18. {{cite web |url=http://urbanrail.net/as/cn/kunming/kunming.htm |title=Kunming |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-08
  19. 19.0 19.1 {{cite web |url=http://urbanrail.net/as/cn/nanj/nanjing.htm |title=Nanjing Metro |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-08
  20. 20.0 20.1 {{cite web |url=http://english.ningbo.gov.cn/art/2014/5/24/art_46_670566.html |title=Ningbo to Usher in Metro Age May 30 |publisher=Ningbo Municipal People's Government |accessdate=2014-06-01
  21. 21.0 21.1 {{cite news|url=http://www.shmetro.com/node49/201312/con113574.htm |title=12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营 |language=Chinese |newspaper=上海地铁 |date=2013-12-27 |accessdate=2013-12-27
  22. 【12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营】
  23. How many stations are there on the Shanghai Metro?
  24. {{cite news |url=http://liaoning.nen.com.cn/liaoning/448/4071448.shtml |title=沈阳地铁二号线今日开通 市民可持试乘票免费乘车 |author=王晓婷 |newspaper=沈阳晚报 |language=Chinese |date=30 December 2011 |accessdate=2012-02-23
  25. {{cite web |url=http://www.startinchina.com/shenzhen/transport/shenzhen_metro_subway.html |title=Shenzhen Metro Subway |website=StartInChina.com |date=22 July 2011 |accessdate=2013-09-21
  26. {{cite web |url=http://urbanrail.net/as/cn/suzh/suzhou.htm |title=Suzhou |last=Schwandl|first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-01-09
  27. {{cite web |url=http://ms.jwb.com.cn/art/2012/10/14/art_1445_1558894.html |title=天津地铁9号线延至天津站 末车时间延长至22:00 |publisher= |language=Chinese |accessdate=2012-10-14
  28. {{cite web |url=http://news.cnhubei.com/xw/zt/whdt/201212/t2392893.shtml |title=今日10时武汉地铁2号线开通 武汉迈入地铁时代(图) |publisher= |language=Chinese |accessdate=2012-12-28
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 {{cite journal |url=http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/urban/single-view/view/wuxi-metro-begins-trial-operation.html |title=Wuxi metro begins trial operation |journal=Railway Gazette International |date=29 May 2014 |accessdate=2014-07-01
  30. {{cite web |url=http://urbanrail.net/as/cn/xian/xian.htm |title=Xi'an |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-09-24
  31. {{cite web |url=http://www.urbanrail.net/as/cn/zheng/zhengzhou.htm |title=Zhengzhou |last=Schwandl |first=Robert |website=UrbanRail.Net |accessdate=2013-12-28
  32. 32.0 32.1 {{Cite web |url=http://www.kotsu.city.nagoya.jp/inquiry/faq/faq_subway.html |title=トップページ - ご意見・お問い合わせ - よくあるご質問 - 地下鉄について |publisher=Transportation Bureau, City of Nagoya |language=Japanese |trans_title=Top - Feedback and inquiries - Frequently Asked Questions - For subway |date= |accessdate=2014-06-11
  33. 33.0 33.1 {{cite web |url=http://www.kotsu.city.osaka.lg.jp/enjoy/web_museum/subway/business.html |title=営業線の概要 |publisher=大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau] |language=Japanese |trans_title=Overview of operating lines |date= |accessdate=2014-06-07
  34. 34.0 34.1 {{cite web |url=http://www.kotsu.metro.tokyo.jp/information/service/subway.html |title=東京都交通局ホーム - 経営情報 - 交通局の概要 - 都営地下鉄 |publisher=東京都交通局 [Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation] |language=Japanese |trans_title=Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation Home - Management Information - Overview of the Department of Transportation - Toei Subway |date= |accessdate=2014-06-07
  35. 35.0 35.1 {{cite web |url=http://www.tokyometro.jp/en/corporate/enterprise/transportation/conditions/index.html |title=Business Contents - Transportation Services - Business Situation |publisher=Tokyo Metro Co., Ltd. |date= |accessdate=2014-06-07
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 {{cite web |url=http://infra.seoul.go.kr/archives/1092 |title=지하철건설현황 |publisher=Seoul City Government |language=Korean |trans_title=Status of Subway Construction |date= |accessdate=2014-02-22
  37. http://www.frdb.wo.to/
  38. 38.0 38.1 {{cite web |url=http://mtbu.kcg.gov.tw/english/intro.php |title=Introduction: Welcome to MBTU |publisher=Mass Rapid Transit Bureau, Kaohsiung City |accessdate=2014-07-10
  39. 39.0 39.1 {{cite web |url=http://english.trtc.com.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1315555&ctNode=11758&mp=122032 |title=Network and Systems |publisher=Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation |accessdate=2013-09-03
  1. The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on October 1, 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on January 15, 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on December 27, 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on September 15, 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  2. As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  3. 1st line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  4. The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  5. Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  6. The East Rail Line that began metro service in 1979 overlapped with a conventional railway that had operated since 1910.
  7. Tseung Kwan O and West Rail lines.
  8. Kunming's Line 1.
  9. Nanjing South Railway Station.
  10. This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  11. {{As of|2013|10:
    • If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
  12. Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  13. Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  15. Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  16. Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  17. Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
  18. Second phase of line 1
  19. Line 1 fully opened
  20. The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by three different operators – Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 468.9, and it would serve a grand total of 377 stations.
  22. Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
  23. Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations; and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (non-Ansan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
  1. {{cite web |author=杜燕 |url=http://news.cnr.cn/native/gd/201401/t20140102_514555471.shtml |title=北京地铁一年运客超32亿人次 同比增长近30% |publisher=中国新闻网 |date=2 January 2014 |accessdate=2014-01-02
  2. {{cite web |url=http://news.huochepiao.com/2013-1/2013188405056.htm |title=成都:2012年成都地铁全年累计载客过亿人次 |publisher=huochepiao |date=8 January 2013 |accessdate=2013-02-17
  3. Three more rail transit lines to be put into use in Chongqing - Chongqing News - CQNEWS_English. English.cqnews.net. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  4. http://dalian.runsky.com/2012-01/08/content_4129147.htm
  5. {{cite web |url=http://www.gzmtr.com/ygwm/gsgk/qynb/annual_report_2013.pdf |title={{lang|zh-cn|广州地铁2013年报|nocat=true |publisher=Guangzhou Metro Corporation |language=Chinese |trans_title=Guangzhou Metro Annual Report 2013 |year=2014 |accessdate=2014-01-20
  6. {{cite web |url=http://hzdaily.hangzhou.com.cn/hzrb/html/2014-02/24/content_1678836.htm |title=地铁1号线日均运送乘客达32万人次 |publisher=杭州日报 |date=24 February 2014 |accessdate=2014-02-24
  7. {{cite web |url=http://www.mtr.com.hk/eng/investrelation/patronage.php |title=Investor's Information > Patronage Updates |publisher=MTR Corporation |accessdate=2013-08-17
  8. {{cite web |url=http://www.xici.net/d197998456.htm |title=南京铁运营十年日均客流占全市公交出行量三分之一 |publisher=Xici |language=Chinese |date=12 December 2013 |accessdate=2013-01-20
  9. {{cite web |url=http://sh.eastday.com/m/20140115/u1a7887680.html |title=回顾上海地铁2013 |publisher=Eastday |language=Chinese |trans_title=Shanghai Metro 2013 Review |date=15 January 2014 |accessdate=2014-01-15
  10. http://liaoning.nen.com.cn/system/2012/11/29/010145780.shtml
  11. {{cite news |url=http://dtzbd.sznews.com/html/2014-01/02/content_2742060.htm |title=340.96万!2013跨年日地铁创下客流新高 |newspaper=深圳都市报 |date=2014-01-02
  12. http://www.jsdpc.gov.cn/pub/jsdpc/ghjg/jjyxfx/201301/t20130130_295942.htm
  13. {{cite web |url=http://news.163.com/13/0407/08/8RRIQIRI00014AED.html |title=Ridership |accessdate=2013-04-08
  14. {{cite web |url=http://www.hb.xinhuanet.com/2013-12/26/c_118711965.htm |title=武汉地铁2号线开通1年很给力 累计送客1.5亿人次 |publisher=xinhua |date=26 December 2013 |accessdate=2014-03-22
  15. {{cite web |url=http://news.cnwest.com/content/2013-01/16/content_8289885.htm |title=西安地铁1号线9月试运营 临潼草堂将建轨道交通线 |publisher=cnwest |date=17 February 2013 |accessdate=2013-02-17
  16. 経営状況
  17. ja:広島高速交通広島新交通1号線#利用状況
  18. {{cite web |author=Michael Rohde |url=http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Kobe |title=Kobe - metrobits.org |website=Mic-ro.com |date=5 September 2010 |accessdate=2010-10-14
  19. {{cite web |author=Michael Rohde |url=http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Kobe |title=Kobe - metrobits.org |website=Mic-ro.com |date=2010-09-05 |accessdate=2010-10-14
  20. {{cite web |author=Michael Rohde |url=http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Kyoto |title=Kyoto - metrobits.org |website=Mic-ro.com |date= |accessdate=2010-10-14
  21. 平成24年度の決算について
  22. 交通局の予算・決算について
  23. {{cite web |author=Michael Rohde |url=http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Sapporo |title=Sapporo - metrobits.org |website=Mic-ro.com |date=5 September 2010 |accessdate=2010-10-14
  24. 仙台市地下鉄 駅別乗車人員の推移
  25. 経営の状況 | 東京都交通局. Kotsu.metro.tokyo.jp. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
  26. 東京臨海高速鉄道㈱: 平成23年度決算の概要
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  29. {{cite web|url=http://www.mm21railway.co.jp/info/faq.html |title=よくあるご質問 |website=横浜高速鉄道株式会社 |accessdate=2013-07-12
  30. {{cite web|author=Michael Rohde |url=http://mic-ro.com/metro/metrocity.html?city=Pyongyang |title=Pyongyang - metrobits.org |website=Mic-ro.com |date= |accessdate=2010-10-14
  31. 부산-김해경전철 승객 증가세…작년 대비 11.4%↑ : 네이버 뉴스. News.naver.com (26 December 2012). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  32. 부산교통공사 - 공사소식 - 뉴스룸 - 보도자료. Humetro.busan.kr. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  33. 대구도시철도공사의 도시철도자료입니다. Dtro.or.kr. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
  34. 34.0 34.1 http://www.index.go.kr/egams/stts/jsp/potal/stts/PO_STTS_IdxMain.jsp?idx_cd=1259&bbs=INDX_001
  35. Incheon Transit
  36. Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics
  37. {{cite web |url=http://www.krtco.com.tw/about_us/about_us-6.aspx |title=統計資料 |publisher=Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Corporation |accessdate=2014-06-14
  38. {{cite web |url=http://english.trtc.com.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1056489&ctNode=11767&mp=122032 |title=Statistics: Ridership Counts |publisher=Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation |accessdate=2014-06-14
  1. Counted in with Guangzhou.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  3. Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 9: 2,560 million (2012) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Many other lines such as those operated by Korail (1,027 million (2012) (Korail Metropolitan Subway)), AREX, as well as the Shinbundang Line function as separate metro systems within the greater Seoul rapid transit network and are excluded (often due to unavailable data).
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