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IRT Dyre Avenue Line

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Wikipedia logo This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at IRT Dyre Avenue Line. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Metro Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA).

The Dyre Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the New York City Subway, as part of the IRT division. The line serves part of the northern Bronx, splitting from the IRT White Plains Road Line at East 180th Street.

Extent and serviceEdit

The Dyre Avenue Line is served by one service, the Template:NYCS Dyre, which makes all stops.

For revenue purposes, the line is double-tracked. Two center "express" tracks exist in two places - between Eastchester-Dyre Avenue and Baychester Avenue, and from Pelham Parkway to just north of the south end. In the late 1990's the "downtown express" track was extended from south of Dyre Avenue to the stub end track at Pelham Parkway for the purpose of testing new subway cars for the A division. At Dyre Avenue the former "uptown express" track is only useful for storage, as it connects nowhere on its south end; The "uptown express" stub end track at Pelham Parkway (which is the only station with two island platforms, between the local and express tracks, rather than the two side platforms elsewhere on the line), was used at one time for storage but this was discontinued when the yard just north of East 180th Street was expanded.

The north end of the line is a simple two-track stub, with crossover tracks south of the Dyre Avenue terminal station. The south end is a flying junction into the local tracks of the IRT White Plains Road Line (with crossovers to the express track).

HistoryEdit

The Dyre Avenue Line was originally part of the four-track main line of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, an interurban streetcar system that connected White Plains and Port Chester to a station at the Harlem River adjacent to the IRT Third Avenue Line. The NYW&B opened on May 29, 1912. Soon a transfer station opened at East 180th Street, with transfers to the IRT White Plains Road Line and various surface lines. Express trains stopped only at Pelham Parkway and East 180th Street, within the Bronx.[1] The NYW&B was abandoned on December 31, 1937 due to bankruptcy.

Plans were made for a parallel subway line even before the NYW&B's abandonment; the 1929 IND Second System plan includes a line along Morris Park Avenue, Wilson Avenue and Boston Road to Baychester Avenue, being fed by the IND Second Avenue Line. In 1939, after abandonment, the plan was to integrate the former NYW&B to Dyre Avenue into the IRT system (as it has been), but to branch it off the IRT Pelham Line as the Westchester and Boston Line.

The New York City Board of Transportation bought the NYW&B within the Bronx north of East 180th Street, and opened it for service on May 15, 1941 as a shuttle, with a transfer to the IRT White Plains Road Line at East 180th Street. Plans for restoring the old line north into Westchester County failed.

A direct track connection was opened on May 6, 1957, and the old NYW&B station was closed. At first, direct service used the express tracks of the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line, running during the day; the shuttle continued to run evenings, and the line did not run at nights. In 1966, Dyre Avenue service was moved to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in its current form. The line is still operated as a shuttle late nights; for more information on current and past services on the line see the articles for the 2, 3 and 3 services.

Station listingEdit

Station Services Opened Notes
Eastchester-Dyre Avenue 3 always May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Originally a local station with 2 side platforms on the NYW&B. Converted to a center island platform by the NYCTA.
Baychester Avenue 3 always May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Gun Hill Road 3 always May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Pelham Parkway 3 always May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Was an express station on the NYW&B
Morris Park 3 always May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Merges with IRT White Plains Road Line

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Westchester Line Passes with 1937, New York Times January 1, 1938 page 36
  • Rail Line is Added to Subway System, New York Times May 16, 1941 page 25
  • Subway Trains Run to Dyre Ave., New York Times May 7, 1957 page 37


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New York City Subway Lines
IRT Manhattan: 42nd St ShuttleBroadway-7th AvLenox AvLexington Av
Bronx: Dyre AvJerome AvPelhamWhite Plains Rd
Brooklyn/Queens: Eastern PkwyFlushingNostrand Av
Former: 2nd Av3rd Av6th Av9th Av
BMT Manhattan trunks and branches: 63rd StAstoriaBroadwayManhattan BridgeNassau St
Eastern Division: Archer AvCanarsieJamaicaMyrtle Av
Southern Division: 4th AvBrightonCulverFranklin AvSea BeachWest End
Former: 3rd Av5th AvBrooklyn BridgeFulton StLexington Av
IND Manhattan/Bronx trunks: 6th Av8th AvConcourse
Brooklyn/Queens: 63rd StArcher AvCrosstownCulverFulton StRockawayQueens Blvd
Former: World's Fair
Connections Chrystie St60th St
Future 2nd Av


 v  d  e 
MTA: New York City Subway
Routes NYCS Route 1NYCS Route 2NYCS Route 3NYCS Route 4NYCS Route 5NYCS Route 6NYCS Route 6dNYCS Route 7NYCS Route 7dNYCS Route ANYCS Route BNYCS Route CNYCS Route DNYCS Route ENYCS Route FNYCS Route GNYCS Route JNYCS Route LNYCS Route MNYCS Route NNYCS Route QNYCS Route RNYCS Route Z
Shuttles NYCS Route S (42nd StreetFranklin AvenueRockaway Park)
Defunct NYCS 89HKTVWJFK Express
BMT 12345678910111213141516Brooklyn Loops
Shuttles 63rd StreetBowling GreenCulverGrand StreetOther
Unused 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • P • U • X • Y
Expansion Second Avenue Subway7 Subway ExtensionFulton Street Transit Center
Divisions A Division: IRTB Division: BMTIND (Second System)
Lists Inter-division connectionsInter-division transfersLinesServicesStationsTerminalsYards
Miscellaneous AccessibilityChainingHistoryMetroCardNomenclatureRolling stock
Other NYC transit Rail: AirTrain JFKAmtrakLIRRMetro-NorthNJT (rail)PATHStaten Island Railway
Other: NJT (buses)NYCT busesRoosevelt Island Tramway

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