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The Nassau Electric Railroad was an electric street railway company in the U.S. state of New York. The company operated throughout the borough of Brooklyn, as well as over the Brooklyn Bridge and Williamsburg Bridge into Manhattan.

The company was formed by real estate developer Patrick H. Flynn, who owned land on Fifth Avenue south of 25th Street, where the Atlantic Avenue Railroad's Fifth Avenue Line ended. He went to the Atlantic Avenue Railroad and Brooklyn City Rail Road, asking them to extend their lines to serve the area, but the Atlantic Avenue refused because the area was not built up, and the Brooklyn City refused because they had agreed to leave Fifth Avenue to the Atlantic Avenue. Faced with the lack of a railroad connection to his planned subdivision, Flynn incorporated the Coney Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn Railroad, the Union Railroad, the Kings County Electric Railway, and finally the Nassau Electric Railroad to absorb them all.[1]

The CIFH&B was chartered by the New York State Legislature on June 7, 1890 to build from the 39th Street Ferry through New Utrecht to Coney Island and Fort Hamilton. Soon the Atlantic Avenue was also interested in extending its Fifth Avenue Line through Flynn's land to 36th Street, which it had a franchise to build to.[2][3] In 1892, Flynn took over the Union Railroad, which had been chartered on May 6, 1884 and incorporated June 19 by other parties to connect Hamilton Ferry with Prospect Park along Union Street. Flynn's plan was to build the Union Street Line and a connection along Second Avenue to the CIFH&B, allowing the RIFH&B to reach Hamilton Ferry.[4][5] Flynn also planned to extend the Union Street Line east via East New York to City Line.[6] The Kings County Electric Railway was incorporated by Flynn on November 29, 1892 to build a crosstown line from the 39th Street Ferry east along Church Avenue and New Lots Avenue to City Line, and to build from Canarsie Landing north to the city line on the west side of the Cemetery of the Evergreens, crossing the east-west line at Brownsville and the Union Street Line extension at East New York.[7]

Flynn then incorporated the Nassau Electric Railroad on March 13, 1893 in order to raise more capital for the system[8] and with the right to use the tracks of the other three companies.[9] In the next few years, most of the system's franchised lines, totalling about 100 miles (160 km), were built:[10]

Flynn incorporated the East River and Atlantic Ocean Railroad on November 16, 1895 to gain access to the Brooklyn Bridge, Long Island City, and other places.[11] However, the Nassau leased the Atlantic Avenue Railroad on April 4, 1896, thus gaining Fifth Avenue north to the bridge, a lease on the Brooklyn, Bath and West End Railroad (West End Line), and several other lines,[12] and the ER&A was no longer necessary.[13]

The Canarsie Depot, at the intersection of Hegeman Avenue (Church Avenue and New Lots Avenue Lines) and Rockaway Avenue (Wilson Avenue Line), stored cars.


  1. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, History of the Nassau Road, April 16, 1899, page 31
  2. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Both on Deck, February 15, 1892, page 6
  3. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, His Fine Hand, February 16, 1892, page 6
  4. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Light Thrown Upon It, May 29, 1892, page 1
  5. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Bold Schemes, June 4, 1892, page 6
  6. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Pet Railroad Schemes, August 5, 1892, page 5
  7. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Another Surface Road, November 30, 1892, page 10
  8. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Flynn's Railroad Schemes, March 14, 1893, page 1
  9. McGraw Publishing Company, McGraw Electric Railway Manual, 1908, page 206
  10. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New Railroad for Brooklyn and Its Suburbs, March 18, 1894, page 23
  11. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Flynn Wants Franchises, November 16, 1895, page 1
  12. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Roads to Coney Island, July 31, 1898, page 22
  13. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Not Nassau Franchises, December 1, 1897, page 2

Defunct New York City Transit Operators
Steam railroads later converted to rapid transit systems Brooklyn and Brighton Beach RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail RoadBrooklyn, Bath and Coney Island RailroadBrooklyn, Bath and West End RailroadBrooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island RailwayConey Island Elevated RailwayGreenwood and Coney Island RailroadMarine RailwayNew York and Coney Island RailroadNew York and Manhattan Beach RailwayNew York and Sea Beach RailroadNew York and Sea Beach RailwayNew York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach RailroadProspect Park and Coney Island RailroadSea Beach RailwaySea View Railroad
Rapid transit systems Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit CorporationBrooklyn Rapid Transit CompanyBrooklyn Union Elevated RailroadInterborough Rapid Transit CompanyKings County Elevated Railway
Streetcar systems

Avenue C Railroad CompanyBelt Line RailwayBleecker Street and Fulton Ferry RailroadBroadway and Seventh Avenue RailroadBroadway Surface RailroadBroadway Railway CompanyBrooklyn and North River RailroadBrooklyn & Queens Transit CorporationBrooklyn Central and Jamaica RailroadBrooklyn City Rail RoadBrooklyn Crosstown RailroadBrooklyn, Queens County and Suburban RailroadBush Terminal RailroadBushwick RailroadCalvary Cemetery, Greenpoint and Brooklyn RailroadCentral Crosstown Railroad CompanyCentral Park, North and East River RailroadChambers Street and Grand Street Ferry RailroadChristopher and Tenth Street Railroad CompanyColumbus and Ninth Avenue RailroadConey Island and Brooklyn Rail RoadConey Island, Fort Hamilton and Brooklyn RailroadDry Dock, East Broadway and Battery RailroadEighth Avenue Railroad CompanyFlushing and College Point Electric RailwayFort George and Eleventh Avenue RailroadForty-Second Street and Grand Street Ferry Railroad CompanyFourth Avenue Street RailwayFulton Street RailroadGrand Street and Newtown Rail RoadGreenpoint and Lorimer Street RailroadHouston, West Street and Pavonia Ferry RailroadInterurban Street RailwayJamaica Central Railways CompanyKings County Electric RailwayLexington Avenue and Pavonia Ferry RailroadLong Island City and Calvary Cemetery RailroadLong Island City and Maspeth RailroadLong Island City and Newtown RailwayLong Island Electric RailwayManhattan and Queens Traction CompanyManhattan Bridge Three Cent LineMarine RailwayMaspeth Avenue and Toll Bridge CompanyMaspeth Railroad and Bridge CompanyMetropolitan Crosstown Railway Metropolitan Street RailroadMetropolitan Street RailwayNassau Electric RailroadNewtown RailwayNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew Williamsburgh and Flatbush RailroadNew York and Harlem Railroad CompanyNew York and North Shore Traction CompanyNew York and Queens County Railway CompanyNew York and Queens Transit CorporationNew York City Railway CompanyNew York Railways CompanyNinth Avenue Railroad CompanyPark Avenue RailroadPort Richmond & Prohibition Park Electric RailroadQueensboro Bridge Railway CompanyRichmond County RailroadRichmond Light & Railroad CompanyRichmond RailwaysRikers Avenue and Sanford Point RailroadSecond Avenue RailroadSixth Avenue Railroad CompanySouth Brooklyn Street RailroadSouth Ferry Railroad CompanyStaten Island Electric RailroadStaten Island Midland RailroadStaten Island Midland RailwayStaten Island Traction CompanySteinway and Hunters Point RailroadSteinway Railway CorporationThird Avenue RailroadThird Avenue RailwayThird Avenue Transit CorporationThirty-fourth Street Crosstown RailwayTwenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Streets Crosstown RailroadTwenty-Third Street Railroad CompanyUnion Railroad (Brooklyn)Union Railway Company of New York CityVan Brunt Street and Erie Basin Rail Road

Bus systems Affiliated Bus Transit CorporationArgus Line Transportation CorporationAvenue B & East Broadway Transit CompanyB&L TransportationBilow Bus LineBrooklyn Bus CorporationCommand Bus CompanyComprehensive Omnibus CorporationConcourse Bus LinesCourier Bus CompanyEastern Parkway, Brownsville and East New York Transit Relief AssociationEast Side Omnibus CorporationFifth Avenue Coach CompanyFifth Avenue Coach Lines, IncorporatedFlushing Heights Bus CompanyGeneral Omnibus CorporationGreater Cities Bus LinesGreen Bus LinesHamilton Bus CompanyIndependent BusesIsle Transportation Co.Jamaica Bus LineJamaica BusesKings Coach CompanyLiberty Bus TransportationLiberty Lines ExpressLong Island Coach CompanyMadison Avenue Coach Company, IncorporatedManhattan & Queens Bus CorporationMidland Coach Corporation‎Municipal Motorbus CompanyNational City Bus LinesNew York Bus ServiceNew York City Department of Plant and StructuresNew York City Omnibus CorporationNorth Shore Bus CompanyPioneer Bus CompanyPlum Beach Auto StageQueens Auto TractionQueens Bus CorporationQueens Bus LinesQueens-Nassau Transit LinesQueens Surface CorporationQueens Transit CorporationRauchwerger Bus CompanyRichmond Hill Bus LineRuoff BrothersS&C BusesS&F TransportationStaten Island Coach CompanySteinway Omnibus CorporationSteinway Transit CorporationSurface Transit, IncorporatedSurface Transportation Corporation of New YorkTompkins Bus CompanyTriangle Bus CompanyTriboro Coach CorporationWoodside-Astoria Transportation CompanyZ&M Coach Company

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