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The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. It is colored red on station signs and the NYC Subway map because it represents service provided on the Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line. Trains of the 3 service run all the time except late nights; it always runs express through Manhattan and local in Brooklyn. During late nights, the 2 and 3 service (the latter of which is extended) cover its route, except for the northernmost two stations on Lenox Avenue, which are served by free transfers to buses.
On November 23, 1904, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line to 145th Street opened. This was the second part of the original subway. Trains went to City Hall, until the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line was built (Manhattan portion completed on July 1, 1918). Then, it became the local to South Ferry, crossing over the 1 at 96th St.
On April 8, 1960, trains were sent to New Lots Avenue all times except nights.
On April 18, 1965, trains were sent back to Flatbush Avenue.
On May 13, 1968, the Harlem–148th Street terminal opens.
On May 23, 1976, the current practice of starting Sunday service late (9:00 or 10:00) begins.
After September 11, 2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19, 2001. It ran only in Manhattan as an express between Harlem–148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15, 2002.
The following table shows the lines used by Route 3 service, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
| all ex.|
|IRT Lenox Avenue Line (full line)||Harlem – 148th Street||Central Park North – 110th Street||all|
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line||96th Street||Times Square – 42nd Street||express|
|34th Street – Penn Station||Chambers Street|
| IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line,|
|Park Place||Borough Hall||all|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line)||Hoyt Street||Crown Heights – Utica Avenue||local|
|IRT New Lots Line (full line)||Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road||New Lots Avenue||all|
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Stations||Transfer||Connections and notes|
|Harlem – 148th Street|
|145th Street||Boarding/Exiting from the first 5 cars only|
|125th Street||M60 SBS to LaGuardia Airport|
|Central Park North – 110th Street|
|Times Square – 42nd Street|| |
(42nd Street Shuttle)
|Port Authority Bus Terminal|
|34th Street – Penn Station||M34 / M34A SBS, Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit @ Pennsylvania Station|
|14th Street||PATH @ 14th Street|
|Park Place||PATH @ World Trade Center|
|Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center||LIRR: Atlantic Branch @ Atlantic Terminal|
|Grand Army Plaza|
|Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum|
|Franklin Avenue|| |
(Franklin Avenue Shuttle)
|Nostrand Avenue||B44 SBS|
|Crown Heights – Utica Avenue|
|Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road||B15 to JFK Airport|
|Van Siclen Avenue|
|New Lots Avenue||B15 to JFK Airport|