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K (and the earlier KK) was the label for two completely different New York City Subway services.
Broadway (Brooklyn) LineEdit
The KK started out as the BMT's 14 in 1924, when the BMT assigned numbers to their services. The 14 was known as the Canarsie Line, and took trains between lower Manhattan and Rockaway Parkway (with a transfer to a streetcar the rest of the way to Canarsie) via the Broadway (Brooklyn) Line and the Canarsie Line. Trains operated to Chambers Street, except in morning rush hours, when they stopped short at Canal Street. Rush hour peak direction trains operated express over the full Broadway (Brooklyn) Line, stopping only in Manhattan, at Myrtle Avenue (morning only) and Eastern Parkway, and along the Canarsie Line. Extra rush-hour local service was provided between Manhattan and Eastern Parkway, as well as between Manhattan and Atlantic Avenue (with a transfer to the BMT Fulton Street Line). Between 1924 and 1925, rush-hour peak direction local service to/from Eastern Parkway was removed.
When the full 14th Street–Canarsie Line was completed in 1928, the 14 was renamed the Broadway (Brooklyn) Line. Most Canarsie service was moved onto the new line; the 14 now operated local, only on weekdays during rush hours and middays. Normal service ran only between Canal Street and Eastern Parkway or Atlantic Avenue; rush-hour service still went all the way to Rockaway Parkway.
By 1948, this service was known as the Broadway Short Line (probably changed with city ownership in 1940). By 1959, the service (now called the Broadway Brooklyn Local) ran only during afternoon rush hours, and some trains went to Crescent Street on the Jamaica Line, with the others going all the way down the Canarsie Line to Rockaway Parkway.
Starting on June 18, 1959, the 14 was brought back in morning rush hours (ending at Canal Street as a peak direction skip-stop service (and a fully local service outbound) supplementing the 15, beginning at the end of the Jamaica Line at 168th Street. This 14 service, known as the Jamaica Local, stopped at stations designated "B":
- AB 168th Street
- B 160th Street
- AB Sutphin Boulevard
- B Queens Boulevard
- B Metropolitan Avenue
- A 121st Street
- A 111th Street
- B 102nd Street
- A Woodhaven Boulevard
- A Forest Parkway
- AB Elderts Lane
- B Cypress Hills
- A Crescent Street
- B Norwood Avenue
- A Cleveland Street
- B Van Siclen Avenue
- B Alabama Avenue
- AB Eastern Parkway
Afternoon rush hour 14 trains continued to terminate at Crescent Street or Rockaway Parkway.
When the Chrystie Street Connection opened on November 26, 1967, the label KK was not used. Instead the 14 was grouped with the local 15 runs (which ran at non-rush hours) as the JJ. The Rockaway Parkway afternoon runs were cut back to Atlantic Avenue.
The KK was introduced on July 1, 1968, when the Williamsburg Bridge part of the Chrystie Street Connection opened. This service operated only during rush hours, between 168th Street and the new 57th Street station at Sixth Avenue. West of Eastern Parkway, the train operated as a local. The rest of the line continued to run skip-stop with what was now the QJ, stopping only at "B" stations not only inbound in the morning but now also outbound in afternoon rush hours. Trains no longer used the connection at Broadway Junction (Eastern Parkway) between the Broadway (Brooklyn) and Canarsie Lines.
The KK was cut back to Eastern Parkway on January 2, 1973 and renamed the K despite running fully local (a single letter denoted express service). The QJ, renamed the J at that time, now covered both "A" and "B" skip-stop patterns east of Eastern Parkway, but the skip-stop service was once again cut back to inbound morning rush-hour service only.
On August 27, 1976, the K last ran, ending service over the Williamsburg-Chrystie Street connection tracks for good. This was done along with other cutbacks because of the Transit Authority's financial problems.
Broadway (Brooklyn) Line services over the years
|Morning rush-hour local||Morning rush-hour express||Afternoon rush-hour local||Afternoon rush-hour express||Other times local||Variant/short line runs|
|1959-67||14 168th Street - Canal Street, "B" stops inbound||15 168th Street - Broad Street, "A" stops inbound||14 Crescent Street - Canal Street||15 168th Street - Broad Street||15 168th Street - Broad Street||14 Atlantic Avenue (Canarsie Line) or Rockaway Parkway (Canarsie Line) - Canal Street, afternoon rush hours only|
|1967-68||JJ 168th Street - Canal Street, "B" stops inbound|
RJ 168th Street - 95th Street (Brooklyn), inbound only
|QJ 168th Street - Brighton Beach, "A" stops inbound||JJ Crescent Street - Canal Street|
RJ 168th Street - 95th Street (Brooklyn), outbound only
|QJ 168th Street - Brighton Beach||JJ 168th Street - Broad Street|
QJ 168th Street - Brighton Beach, middays and early evenings
|JJ Atlantic Avenue (Canarsie Line) - Canal Street, afternoon rush hours only|
|1968-1973||KK 168th Street - 57th Street (Manhattan), "B" stops inbound||QJ 168th Street - Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue, "A" stops inbound||KK 168th Street - 57th Street (Manhattan), "B" stops outbound||QJ 168th Street - Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue, "A" stops outbound||QJ 168th Street - Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue, goes only to/from Broad Street late evenings, late nights and weekends|
|1973-1976||K Eastern Parkway - 57th Street (Manhattan)||J 168th Street - Broad Street, two inbound patterns, one for "A" stops and one for "B" stops||K Eastern Parkway - 57th Street (Manhattan)||J 168th Street - Broad Street, all stops||J 168th Street - Broad Street|
The K was discontinued in 1976, and all J trains made all stops from then until the 1988 opening of the BMT Archer Avenue Line.
Eighth Avenue LocalEdit
In May 1986, as part of the elimination of double letters, the former AA, the Eighth Avenue Local, was renamed the K. This operated between 168th Street and World Trade Center, and not during rush hours or late nights. At the same time, the C was formed as a relabeling of the rush-hour CC, running between Bedford Park Boulevard and Euclid Avenue (cut back from Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street, with the H shuttle replacing this).
The K last ran on December 10, 1988, and on December 11 the C was expanded from its rush-hour only service to include midday service between 145th Street and Euclid Avenue, early evening (until 21:00) service from 145th Street to World Trade Center, and weekend service matching the former K, between 168th Street and World Trade Center.
- NYCsubway.org - Historical Maps
- Line by Line History
- Skip Stop on the BMT Jamaica Line, TA service notice, 1959
- Rapid Transit Service Changes, TA service notice, 1968
- KK - a new service, TA service notice, 1968
- Subway Schedules in Queens Changing Amid Some Protest, New York Times January 2, 1973 page 46
- Transit Agency Drops 215 Runs, New York Times August 31, 1976 page 42
- Hey, What's a "K" Train? MTA service notice, 1986
- Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin, New York Times December 9, 1988 page B1