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The Connecticut Company

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The Connecticut Company (also known as ConnCo) was a streetcar and bus operator in Hartford, New Haven, and Stamford, Connecticut. Originally it operated in many other parts of the state as well, and from 1920 to 1936 it operated nearly all local railways and buses within the state. Until 1964 it was controlled by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, which used it as a means to control the various local streetcar operations.

The company also operated some intercity operations, such as New Haven-Bridgeport, coordinated with Connecticut Railway and Lighting Company (CR&L), exchanging transfers with the latter's routes in cities where CR&L provided local service.

The Connecticut Co. was originally incorportated in 1901 as Thompson Tramway Co. In 1902 it was renamed Worcester & Connecticut Eastern Railway Co. Two years later it was renamed Consolidated Railway Co. The name Connecticut Co. was adopted in 1907. In the period from 1905 to 1906 it accumulated leases on all of CR&L's lines, but in 1936, because of failure to keep up lease payments, ConnCo was forced to allow CR&L to reclaim its properties. However, from 1913 to 1920, operations in New London and Norwich were leased to the Shore Line Electric Railway Co. so that during that period there was the complication of ConnCo operating lines in CR&L territory while some of its own lines were operated by Shore Line.

ConnCo service in Torrington (formerly the Torrington & Winchester Street Railway) ceased in 1929, when streetcars were abandoned wothout bus replacements. ConnCo's operations in its remaining cities temporarily ceased in November, 1972, were revived in March 1973 and continued with a subsidy from the State until 1976, when they ultimately were replaced by service provided by Connecticut Transit.

Purchases of other companiesEdit

Changes from streetcar to bus operationEdit

The last streetcars in each division were replaced by buses as shown in the following table:

Division Year last streetcar was
replaced by buses
Hartford1941
Meriden1931
Middletown1930
New Haven1948
New London1934
Norwalk
(operated for CR&L under lease)
1935
Norwich1936
Stamford1933

Divisions sold to other companies prior to 1976Edit

In 1959 the Meriden and Middletown divisions were sold to H & W Transit Company. H&W failed in 1967 and ConnCo resumed service in Meriden (but not Middletown) until 1968, when the operation was taken over by Joseph H. McMahon Company.

In 1961 the New London division was sold to Thames Valley Transit, Inc.

Defunct Transit Operators in Connecticut
Horsecar systems Bridgeport Horse Railway CompanyEast Hartford & Glastonbury Horse RailroadHartford & Wethersfield Horse Railroad CompanyMeriden Horse Railroad CompanyNew Haven & West Haven Horse RailroadNew London Horse Railway CompanyNorwalk Horse Railroad CompanyStamford Horse Railroad CompanyState Street Horse Railroad CompanyWaterbury Horse Railroad Company
Streetcar systems Branford Lighting & Water CompanyBridgeport Railway CompanyBridgeport Traction CompanyCentral Railway & Electric Co.Cheshire Street RailwayConnecticut Electric CompanyConnecticut Light & Power CompanyConsolidated Railway CompanyDerby & Ansonia Street Railroad CompanyDerby Street RailwayEast End Railway CompanyEdgewood Avenue Electric CompanyEdgewood Street Railroad CompanyFair Haven & Westville RailroadFarmington Street RailwayGreenwich Tramway CompanyGroton & Stonington Street RailwayGroton & Stonington Traction CompanyHartford & West Hartford RailroadHartford Manchester & Rockville Tramway CompanyHartford Street RailwayLake Saltonstall Railroad CompanyMeriden Electric RailroadMeriden Southington & Compounce Tramway CompanyMiddletown Street RailwayMilford Street RailwayMontville Street RailwayNew Haven & Centreville Street RailwayNew Haven & Morris Cove Railway CompanyNew Haven & Shore Line Railway, IncorporatedNew Haven Street RailwayNew London Street RailwayNorwalk Street RailwayNorwalk Tramway CompanyNorwich Street RailwayPeoples Tramway CompanyPortland Street Railway CompanyPutnam & Thompson Street Railway CompanyShelton Street RailwayShore Line Electric Railway CompanySouth Manchester Light Power & Tramway CompanyStamford Street RailroadSuffield Street RailwayThompson Tramway Co.Torrington & Winchester Street RailwayWaterbury Traction CompanyWestport & Saugatuck Street RailwayWest Shore Railway Co.Whitney Avenue Railroad CompanyWillimantic Traction CompanyWinchester Avenue RailroadWorcester & Connecticut Eastern Railway Company
Bus systems Bridgeport Auto Transit CompanyCandlewood Bus CompanyChestnut Hill Bus CorporationChieppo Bus CompanyCity Bus LineCross Country Coach, Inc.Danbury Power & Transportation CompanyGray Line Bus CompanyH & W Transit CompanyJoseph H. McMahon CompanyOrange Street Bus LineSavin Transit CompanyStratford Bus Line CompanyThames Valley Transit, IncorporatedValley Transportation Company
Streetcar/Bus systems The Connecticut CompanyConnecticut Railway & Lighting CompanyDanbury and Bethel Street RailwayDanbury and Bethel Traction Company

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