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The Third and Amsterdam Avenues Line, also known as the Third Avenue Line, is a public transit line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along Third Avenue, 125th Street, and Amsterdam Avenue from Lower Manhattan to Fort George in Washington Heights. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the M101 bus, operated by the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority out of the 100th Street Bus Depot. The M101 bus now runs southbound on Lexington Avenue rather than Third Avenue north of 24th Street.
The Third Avenue Railroad opened the line in 1853, from Astor House (Broadway and Park Row) north along Park Row, the Bowery (shared with the Second Avenue Line), and Third Avenue to 86th Street; an extension to East Harlem opened in 1859. Using the One-Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Street Railroad and trackage along Amsterdam Avenue, Third Avenue cars were also operated to Fort George. Buses were substituted for streetcars by the Surface Transportation Corporation on May 28, 1947. It was operated by Fifth Avenue Coach Lines from 1956 to 1962, when the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating Authority took over operations. On July 17, 1960, most of Third Avenue became one-way northbound, and southbound buses were moved to Lexington Avenue.
- ↑ New York Times, One-Way Bus Schedules Given for Lexington and 3d Avenues, July 12, 1960